текст на английском про любой традиционный костюм с:
- Basis of women’s costume was a long shirt. Shirt decorated with fringe or embroidery, sometimes embroidered with pearls. Noble women had the upper shirt — maids. Maids shirts were made of bright silk fabric, often red. These shirts had long narrow sleeves with slits for the arms and called dolgorukavnymi. Sleeve length could reach 8 — 10 cubits. They were collected in the folds in her arms. Shirt girdled. Wear them at home, but not at a party. Polikem on shirt — rectangular or wedge-shaped insert.
Women over a white or red shirt with embroidered sleeves fastened to wrists wore long silk annuals, fastened up to the neck, long-sleeved voshva (gold embroidery and pearls) and fastened with collar (necklace).
Two main types of Russian women’s costume — Dress (north) and ponevny (southern) complexes:
Sundress — Russian folk women’s clothing in the form of dresses, often sleeveless. Sundresses differed in tissues and cover. Poneva — hip clothes that give a girl under the age of brides and past initiation. Apron — a linen clothes maiden from a rectangular piece of fabric, folded in half and the crook who had a hole for the head. Telogreya — clothing or fur lining with long tapered sleeves, button front from top to hem. Dragged — sleeveless cape.
Shushpan — canvas coat, with a red rim, covering, sometimes embroidered worsted.
Ladie’s not belting and buttoned from top to bottom. Top off women’s clothing was a long cloth opashen with frequent buttons decorated on the edges of silk or gold embroidery, and long sleeves opashnya hanging and his hands are passed in special sections, all of which was covered dushegreya or telogreyami and coats. Telogrei if worn over the head, called overhead.
Noble women liked to wear coats — Women’s Movement coat. Coat looked like annuals, but differs from it as a sleeve. Decorative coat sleeves were long and folding. Hands threading into special slots under the sleeves. If the coat worn sleeves, the sleeves were collected in the transverse assembly. To wear a fur coat fur collar round.
Short Dushegreya worn by all segments of the population, but for farmers it was festive clothing. On Dushegreya was like Shugay and its variety sleeveless bull.
Also, women wore clothes similar to men: odnoryadku, in cape coat.
During the reign of Ivan the Terrible rich women wore three dresses, putting one on another. Wearing one dress equated to dishonor and indecency. Clothing Boyarina could weigh 15 — 20 pounds.
Coupling — sleeve embroidered fur inside and furry.
Married women were required to cover their hair and because the house was worn on the head or Volosnik povoyniki and tied another handkerchief, and when leaving the house wore ornate kiku or kokoshnik. Maidens wore on his head a broad embroidered dressing (whisk), with wide ribbons behind. Winter women when leaving the house wore fur hats or headgear covered his handkerchief.
Another distinctive feature of the Russian national costume — a large variety of women’s hats:
Kichko (kick) — festive headdress of a married woman. Magpie — kind headbands with solid edging. Kokoshnik — in the form of a ridge (or vane rounded shield) around the head, the symbol of Russian traditional costume.
Povoynik — soft cap, which completely cover the hair braided during the wedding ceremony of one girl’s braids in two.